Effective UV Sterilization means that the UV radiation produced by the UV lamp has penetrated the microorganism's cell wall and cell membrane, destroying the cell's inner material and completing sterilization. Different types of microorganisms (bacteria, algae and parasites) require precise UV exposures to be sterilized.
But if the rules of UV sterilization have been long established, why are so many conflicting water flow rates recommended by various manufactures? UV water flow rates are the most controversial issue regarding UV Sterilizers among the garden retailers and enthusiasts? Much of the controversy surrounding UV water flow rates is a result of conflicting individual marketing strategies.